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Political education in the dungeons of Barcelona, and the converging tracks of Filipino and Cuban revolutionaries as the 400-year-old Spanish empire enters its final throes. Benedict Anderson concludes his exploration of the late 19th-century world setting of José Rizal’s explosive anti-colonial novels.
In the World-Shadow of Bismarck and Nobel
After the literary revelations of ‘Nitroglycerine in the Pomegranate’ (NLR 27), a new political reading of José Rizal’s astonishing last novel. Imperial power, anarchist bombings and anti-colonial insurrection in the gifted young Filipino’s vision of a 19th-century global landscape.
For and Against NGOs
Non-governmental organizations have taken over from social movements as candidates for progressive activism. Tessa Morris-Suzuki looks at the theory behind them, and the practice of their roles in Asia and Australia, with a view to a critical politics of the ‘lived world’.
The Huks in the Philippines
In his article on the background of the present dictatorship in the Philippines (New Left Review 78, March–April 1973) Jonathan Fast helps to illuminate some key features of the colonial and neo-colonial experience of Filipinos. However, in the interest of historical accuracy, I feel impelled to point out some grave . . . read more
Reply to William Pomeroy
Students of Philippine affairs owe much to William Pomeroy. As the leading chronicler of the Huk movement he has provided us with firsthand information about a struggle which otherwise would have remained largely the preserve of counter-insurgency theorists. As Pomeroy notes in his communication, he was for many years intimately . . . read more
Imperialism and Bourgeois Dictatorship in the Philippines
On 23 September 1972, President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law throughout the Philippines. Appearing on television, Marcos claimed that ‘Maoist subversive elements’ were plotting the overthrow of the Philippine Government and that this threat necessitated the introduction of extraordinary measures. The martial law proclamation, hardly a unique event in the . . . read more
Cacique Democracy and the Philippines: Origins and Dreams
About this time last year, President Corazon Aquino told a most instructive lie. Addressing the Filipino-Chinese Federated Chambers of Commerce on 9 March 1987, she described her appearance before them as a ‘homecoming,’ since her great-grandfather had been a poor immigrant from southeast China’s Fukien province. footnote1 Doubtless her desperate . . . read more
James Fenton’s Slideshow
Political tourists come in three types, two of them quite traditional, one suggestively new. On the one hand, there are all those people who see in dramatic political developments in someone else’s country a hopeful or hellish vision of the future of their own. Since they set off knowing what . . . read more